Fears and phobiasWhile many of us dislike spiders, heights, or injections, a fear becomes a phobia when it causes substantial distress and/or interferes with a person's life. Sometimes phobias stop people from doing things that are important to them, or create significant inconvenience and stress. Someone with a driving phobia, for instance, may avoid driving, and as a result may be restricted in the kinds of work or leisure that they can pursue. Common varieties of phobias include fears of:
- Animals or insects
- Water or swimming
- Injections and/or the sight of blood
- Enclosed spaces such as lifts
- Bridges or tunnels
Specific phobias such as these can be treated so that the person is able to face the situations they fear, with increasingly less distress and anxiety.